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Spain 2008:: . La Santa Maria. .Maritime Museum Barcelona

La Santa Maria

Article below retrieved from : http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/christopher-columbus-ships.htm

Famous Christopher Columbus Ships - The Ships used to discover the New World, The Nina, The Pinta and the Santa Maria - Christopher Columbus (1451 - 1506)

Christopher Columbus was an Italian who sailed under the Spanish Flag. He persevered in his quest to obtain backing for an expedition to sail a small fleet of ships to search for a sea route to the Indies.

In 1492 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain finally give Christopher Columbus the money and ships for his expedition. The names of the 1497 Christopher Columbus Ships were the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. The brave men of the 1400's and 1500's, like Christopher Columbus, who sailed in uncharted waters to unknown lands were courageous adventurers who were motivated by fame, glory and the wealth. The living conditions on board the small ships were basic and the voyages were dangerous.

Article below retrieved from : http://www.answers.com/topic/nina-pinta-and-santa-maria

Christopher Columbus departed from Spain on August 3, 1492, on a fleet of three ships: the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. Nina and Pinta were both smaller, sleeker ships, called caravels. Santa Maria was a larger, round-hulled ship, called a nao. Columbus himself sailed on, and piloted, the Santa Maria. Together, the three ships carried about 120 men, equipment and supplies.

Of the three ships, only the Santa Maria was built with a deck, and it was a much slower, heavier ship, with a keel that was about 115-feet long (35 meters). Both Nina and Pinta were about 50 feet long (15 meters). All three ships were armed. The Nina sailed under Vicente Yanez Pinzon, and the Pinta sailed under his brother, Martin Alonso Pinzon.

The goal of the voyage was to find a new passage to Asia. After a few "wrong turns", the crew landed in the New World, on one of the Bahama Islands, on October 12, 1492. The island was later renamed San Salvador by the Spaniards.

In November, the Pinta disappeared in a strong wind. On December 25, 1492 (Christmas Day), the Santa Maria ran aground and was completely destroyed. Later, in January, the Pinta rejoined the Nina. Columbus returned to Spain on the Nina, arriving in March of 1493. The Pinta arrived soon afterwards.

Columbus always believed that he had arrived in the Indies, never fully realizing the extent and importance of his discovery.

Images and notes below: http://sites.google.com/a/juandolioproperties.com/www/historia

Colon arrives to Santo Domingo (La Española), December 1492:

Cristóbal Colón descubrió la isla el 5 de diciembre del 1492, bautizándola con el nombre de La Española.

Al continuar la exploración de la costa norte, la carabela Santa María encalló en un banco de arena; con los restos de la nave, construyó el Fuerte de La Navidad. Entonces Colón ordenó regresar a España, dejando una guarnición de 39 hombres al mando de Diego de Arana.


Al regresar a la isla durante su segundo viaje en 1493, Colón encontró que el Fuerte de La Navidad había sido atacado y destruido por indígenas a cargo del cacique Caonabo. Entonces decide construir La Isabela, la primera ciudad europea del Nuevo Mundo, y organizó varias expediciones al interior de la isla que resultaron en la construcción de algunas fortalezas y en el control del Cibao.

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